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Arequipa, The White City of Peru

Arequipa city

1.- Overview

The city of Arequipa is recognized ,as a white city of Peru, due to its monuments built in white granite -a type of rock that abounds in the region.

The Arequipa region in Peru is also known as the valley of the volcanoes because of the presence of the many volcanoes within its región. The city of Arequipa is surrounded by three volcanoes Misti, PichuPichu and Chachani; this region is also the place of the only volcano in Peru in activity, Salkantaya and of the greatest one of this country, Coropuna.

The city of Arequipa is similar to the national capital of Peru. One of the most modern cities in South America but in contrast with this; it possesses one of the most beautiful natural regions within the country.

The Colca Canyon is the most important attraction of Arequipa since it can show ancient civilizations, archeological centers and nature. We can journey to this place to be able to watch the traditional flight of the condors.

The Cotahuasi Canyon, a natural paradise, considered the deepest canyon in the world, is an attraction that makes lovers of walking want to visit Arequipa.

In the epoch of the Incan Empire, Arequipa was a populated center thanks to the qualities and kindnesses of its lands for the agriculture that became an important farming center, an activity that holds up date.

2.- Geography

Arequipa is a fortunate region because it possesses two regions of our country, kilometers of coast and kilometers of the Andes. In this región, a beautiful landscaping contrast from the blend of the Range of the Andes and the Peruvian coast can get seen.

It possesses a warm climate, that during the day is hot and during the night is a little cold, the coasts of Arequipa are warm and proper for recreational tourism in beaches and in the region of the Andes is warm weather at day and a very cold weather at nights.

3.- Economy

The economy of this region is joined to the industry by production of, fishing and agriculture, that being mainly the tourist activity. A small segment of the incomes of foreign currency to this region of Peru.

The coastal regions of Arequipa are excellent because of its small beaches but also is a region rich in marine life used for the exportation to other regions of the country and for the internal consumption of Arequipa.

4.- History

Traditions say that the white city was founded since the arrival of the Spaniards to this region, when Emperor HUAYNA QAPAC passed with his army through this región going to the actual neighbor country of Chile. Some of his men of confidence asked him if they could stay to settle in this place and he said ARI QUEPAY that translated means YES, STAY and with the arrival of the Spaniards and the adaptation of Quechua words to the Spanish dialect turned into Arequipa.

In this region of Arequipa, we can find much more ancient remains of immigrants from the highplain as the Collanas, whose descendants still live with all their traditions in the highlands of this region and especially near the Colca Canyon.

With the arrival of the first settlers to this part of Peru, the neighborhood of San Lázaro was founded, from where it was built to what is known as the white city, the first settlers were dedicated to agriculture and were horsemen and salesmen that constantly made trips around Peru to exchange, sell and buy different types of products.

In the republican period and during the War of the Pacific, a war that conflicted between Peru and Chile. Arequipa became part of a territory of Chile but the decision of this brave town made it to be recovered and returned to Peru.

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