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Cusco, The Ancient Capital of the Incas Empire

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Overview

The Empire City of Cusco, recognized at an international level as the Navel of the World and named as Cultural Patrimony of Humanity in 1983 by UNESCO, was the center and the most important in the epoch of the Empire of Tawantinsuyo.

Incas developed their great civilization in the basis of ancient cultures that had their development in the Valley of Cusco and with the influence of other cultures that got developed in the whole territory of the actual republic of Peru.

It was in this enigmatic city that one of the greatest civilizations of the history of humanity was born, its organization, evolution in the technology, traditions and customs and its expanding ambition took them to occupy great part of the Southamerican Continent that still surprises historians from all parts of the world.

Maybe it does not exist architectonic work that symbolizes the glorious and legendary past of the Empire of the Incas more than the Citadel of Machupicchu, but the questions about this gorgeous archeological center are numberable, Why did they build such astonishing monument in an impossible place? What was the purpose for which it was built? Questions that will be answered in your next vacations in the Empiral City of Cusco.

Up date the ancient capital of the Incas Empire, is a cosmopolitan city furnished with all the services and commodities that travelers would need and require.

Geography

The City of Cusco is located in the Southeast Andes of the Republic of Peru at 3350 meters above sea level, located in the Valley of the Huatanay River, the weather of the Empiral City of Cusco is a dry one and warm from April to October and the rainy season extends from November to March, but the rain is light on the first months and becomes more intensely in the months of January to February.

It is worth to point out that the region of Cusco is a magic site, that has everything a region wishes, the presence of the Range of the Andes, the amazonic jungle of the reserve of biosphere of Manu, important rivers and majestic lakes.


Economy

The economy of the region of Cusco is basically joined to the mining activity and the touristic one, the city of Cusco is one of the cities with major economical development in the Republic of Peru, the foreign inversion and the presence of the touristic activity makes Cusco a city of the new world

History

The history of the Valley of Cusco began much time before the development of the Inca Culture, the presence of the pre-inca cultures denominated Chanapata and Marcavalle, marked an epoch denominated intermediate horizon, it is on the late horizon that the presence of the inca culture marked the beginning of the great development of this region.

The beginning of the inca culture was humble and poor, it was just conformed by some small houses and no more than 200 people, the legend says that two brother-couple founded this culture, but it is not until Century XIII, with the apparition of the great Emperor Inca Pachacuteq that the Inca culture reaches its splendor known until now, the expansion of the Inca Empire started in the City of Cusco and was expanded by the north up to the region of Pasto in the Republic of Colombia and by the south up to the Maule River in the Republic of Argentina. On the East up to the amazonic jungle by the west up to the Pacific Ocean.

The Inca Citadel of Machupicchu one of the few remains that the conquerors did not destroyed in the name of God, is an interesting remain uninhabited before the arrival of the Spaniards, it keeps many secrets and enigmas that you will be able to discover on your visit to Cusco, the city of Cusco that mythically had the shape of a puma sacred animal of the Incas, threatened by four rivers that in the epoch of the Incas were cristaline.

The Incas got to conquest much territory and many cultures because they achieve to impose a language and a religion that had the Sun as a main deity, Inca Pachacuteq imposed the religion to the Sun and built a great web of roads that got to unify the whole empire, this web of trials is known as the Qapac Ñan that got extended from north to south and from west to east.