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Cusco, the Ancient Capital of the Incan Empire (The Imperial City)

Overview

The Imperial City of Cusco, recognized at an international level as the Navel of the World and named as Cultural Patrimony of Humanity in 1983 by UNESCO, was the center and the most important in the epoch of the Empire of Tawantinsuyo.

Incas developed their great civilization on the basis of ancient cultures that had their development in the Valley of Cusco and with the influence of other cultures that got developed in the whole territory of the actual republic of Peru.

It was in this enigmatic city that one of the greatest civilizations of history and of humanity was born, its organization, evolution in the technology, traditions and customs and its expanding ambition took them to occupy great part of the South American continent that still surprises historians from all parts of the world.

Its architectonic work that symbolizes the glorious and legendary past of the Incan Empire compares to that of the Citadel of Machu Picchu but the questions about this gorgeous archeological center are numerous. Why did they build such astonishing monuments in an impossible place? What was the purpose for which it was built? These questions will be answered on your next vacation to the Imperial City of Cusco.

Today the ancient capital of the Incan Empire is a cosmopolitan city furnished with all the services and commodities that travellers would need and require.



Geography

The City of Cusco is located in the Southeast Andes of the Republic of Peru at 3350 meters above sea level, located in the Valley of the Huatanay River. The weather of the Imperial City of Cusco is a dry and warm one from April through October and rainy season extends from November through March. The rain is light on the first couple of months and becomes more intense in the months of January through February.

It is worth to point out that the region of Cusco is a magical site that has everything a region wants, from the presence of the Andes to the Amazon jungles in the reserve of Manu.



Economy

The economy within the region of Cusco is mainly composed of mining and touristic activities. The city of Cusco is one of the cities with major economic development in the Republic of Peru, the foreign inversion and the presence of the touristic activities makes Cusco, a city of the new world.



History

The history of the Valley of Cusco began before the development of the Incan Culture, the presence of the pre-Incan cultures of Chanapata and Marcavalle were denominated. It was marked by an epoch within the intermediate horizon as it was on its late horizon that the presence of the Incan culture marked the beginning of great development in this region.

The beginning of the Incan culture was a humble and poor one, it was basically composed by small houses and no more than 200 people. A legend states that two brothers founded this culture, but it was not until Century XIII, with the apparition of the great Incan Emperor Pachacuteq that the Incan culture reached its splendor. The expansion of the Incan Empire started in the city of Cusco and was expanded up to the northern regions of Pasto in the country of Colombia and to the southern parts of the Maule River in the country of Argentina. It also expanded east towards the Amazon jungle ending west near the Pacific Ocean.

The Incan Citadel of Machu Picchu is one of the few remaining ancient cites that the conquerors did not destroyed in the name of God. It is an interesting ancient citadel uninhabited before the arrival of the Spaniards, keeping its many secrets and enigmas that will be discovered on your next trip to Cusco. The city of Cusco was built in the shape of a puma, an animal sacred to the Incas; the city was also surrounded by four rivers that were crystalline.

The Incas conquered many territories and cultures because they achieve to compose a language and religion around the Sun being worshipped as the main deity within their conquests. Incan Emperor Pachacuteq imposed this religion of the Sun and built a great web of roads that got to unify the whole empire. This web of trails is known as the Qapac Ñan which extends from north to south and west to east within the Incan Empire.



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