Ballestas islands are a natural refugy for many ocean species of this side of the continent.
The joining of the hot waters from Ecuador that arrive from the north of Peru with the cold waters and the freezing ones from the South Pole that arrive from the south of the Country, take place in this islands which makes the climate and the temperature of water to be propitious for the development of many species of ocean animals.
Ballestas Islands are protected by Peruvian Laws as an ecological reserve and of preservation of the marine life.
One of the most important mysteries and enigmas of ancient times is found in this part of the world and in this marvelous country, the enigmatic Nazca Lines, declared as Humanity Cultural Patrimony by UNESCO hold secrets and mysteries that you may clear on your next vacations.
There are many questions about these enigmatic drawings, questions that cannot be answered by anybody, if so the lines were a great astronomic calendar or were they designed in the desert so that the gods will always watch them. Huge geo glives in the desert and that still possess hidden in the time mysteries, designed to leave without words to whom wish to watch them.
HUACACHINA is the paradise in the desert, a subway water mirror the achieves to keep its beauty and its mysteries up date. It is by this place that to visit this region becomes a fantastic adventure.
This place is the stated site for lovers of adventure and adrenaline. Many sports can take place in the middle of the desert, like sandboarding and the sandycars.
The geography of this region of the country is very traditional because it is arid and desertic, although in some way the fertile valleys achieved to hold life up date. Days are very hot and nights used to be cold and humid for the presence of sea.
The economy of this place is basically joined to fishing, being agriculture the second economical activity that sustains this region, tourism is among the activities relegated to a second plain.
For much time this region of the country was inhabited by important cultures that came one after the other, but the splendor of this region came with the Nazca culture, a civilization that dominated the desert and that made from this place their home.
Nazca culture overlived in the desert thanks to the metropolises built, furnished with subway waters brought to the surface by aqueducts. Nazca culture took the pottery to another level for they put in their ceramics their daily life and mysteries that still cannot achieve to get decoded.
Historians and astronomers say that enigmatic lines from Nazca were designed by this culture to be able to read the universe and know with exactitude when the phenomena of "El niño" will occure, a phenomena that leaves the sea without fishes and thus the cultures that depend on this activity without food.
Nazca lines are gigant drawings that can be watched completely by air, they are images that were discovered and recovered by the German Professor Maria Reyche, that dedicated her whole life to explain the reason of these gigant images.
Paracas culture took place at the north of this region, a great civilization, considered as one of the pioneers regarding the cranial deformations that were made to the just born ones with the intention of differencing them from the rest.
The Chinchas culture wa one of the last ones in this region, Spaniard chronicles wrote that the Lord of Chincha one of the most loyal subdites to the incas, dominated the seas with ships that arrived very easily to 10000 ships ready to cross the seas.
In the colonial epoch these valleys were used as zones for agriculture for the production of rice and afterwards for cotton. Nowadays this region is the first one in the production of wines and piscos, maybe the most exquisite wines get found in this place, piscos are traditional in this place.