Nazca and Ica cities
The Ballestas islands are a natural refuge for marine life located in the south central part of Peru.
These islands are perfect for the marine life living there because of the warm waters from Ecuador that arrive through northern Peru along with the cold freezing waters from the South Pole. These waters emerge to create a pleasant climate surrounding the islands and temperature to its waters beneficial to the development of marine life.
The Ballestas Islands are protected by Peruvian laws, as an ecological reserve and a place of preservation for the unique marine life only found there.
One of the most important mysteries and enigmas of ancient times can be found in this part of the world and within the marvelous country of Peru. The enigmatic Nazca Lines, declared as Humanity Cultural Patrimony by UNESCO holds secrets and mysteries that you may want to discover on your next trip.
There are many questions about these enigmatic drawings, questions that cannot be answered by anyone today. Questions such as were these lines created as a great astronomic calendar or were they designed in the desert so that the gods will always watch them? Huge mysterious geoglyphs in the desert that are still hidden in the time designed to leave anyone without words.
Huacachina is an oasis paradise hidden in the desert with mirror like lakes; it achieves to keep its beauty and mysteries to this day. This place is a fantastic adventure to visit within the region of Ica.
This place is a site for lovers of adventure and adrenaline. Many sports can take place in the middle of the desert, such as sand boarding and driving dune cars.
The geography in this region of the country is very traditional because it is arid and dry, although in some way, the fertile valleys achieved to hold life. Days are very hot and nights are cold and humid from the presence of sea.
The main economy of this place is fishing, followed by agriculture being the second economic activity that sustains this region. Tourism is among the economic activity that is starting to be noticed.
For much time, this region of the country was inhabited by important cultures that came one after the other. The splendor of this region rose up with the Nazca culture, a civilization that dominated the desert and that made this place their home.
Nazca culture lived in the desert thanks to the metropolises built, furnished with subterranean water ways brought to the surface by aqueducts. Nazca culture took pottery to another level for they put in their ceramics their daily lives and mysteries that still cannot achieve to get decoded.
Historians and astronomers say that enigmatic lines from Nazca were designed by this culture to be able to read the universe and know exactly when the natural phenomena of "El niño" will occur. A phenomena that leaves the sea without fishes and that certain cultures depended on to survive.
Nazca lines are giant drawings that can be watched from air. They are images that were discovered and recovered by the German Professor Maria Reyche, which dedicated her whole life to explain the reason for these giant images.
Paracas culture took place at the north of this region, a great civilization, considered as one of the pioneers regarding the cranial deformations that were made to the just born ones with the intention of differencing them from the rest.
The Chinchas culture wa one of the last ones in this region, Spaniard chronicles wrote that the Lord of Chincha one of the most loyal subdites to the incas, dominated the seas with ships that arrived very easily to 10000 ships ready to cross the seas.
In the colonial epoch these valleys were used as zones for agriculture for the production of rice and afterwards for cotton. Nowadays this region is the first one in the production of wines and piscos, maybe the most exquisite wines get found in this place, piscos are traditional in this place.