The altiplanic city of Puno, is the city that possesses the highest sailable lake of the world, the Titicaca Lake, a jewelry settled in the Peruvian highplain. Lake Titicaca has millenary cultures that persist up date and that live surrounding the lake.
The city of Puno is also known as the folk capital of Peru, since in the month of February in this city the Festivity of the Virgin of the Candelaria is made. A magic festivity full of lights and color with the participation of a hundred of different dances which dance whole days for faith and devotion to the Virgin of la Candelaria.
The culture, tradition and modernity of this city impulsed by the trading it has, are the main axis that make from this city of Puno an attractive destiny for all people.
Titicaca Lake hosts inside its waters, mythical towns that further from the modern civilization achieve to hold all their traditions and that now are one of their sources of development.
Uros are inhabitants from the floating islands of Titicaca, these islands are renewed every year with plants from the own lake, this community lives during the whole year inside the lake, they have schools, health centers and different commodities for the tourists as hostages and restaurants.
In spite of the fact that the islands of Titicaca are located in the same geographic environment they do not speak the same language and they do not have the same customs, the islands of Taquile and Amantani as well as Uros speak different languages as Quechua and Aymara.
The city of Puno and Titicaca Lake are located in the denominated Meseta del Collao, a plain surface located at more than 4000 meters above sea level (masl), the weather in this region is freezing and very cold, many times at nights temperature goes under zero degrees.
Flora and fauna from this place is perfectly conditioned to the low temperatures of this place, the southamerican camelids as llamas, alpacas, are perfectly acclimatated to this place, meanwhile in the lake Titicaca some species of fishes are aboundant and constitute a diet in the islands.
The economy of the city of Puno is joined basically to the trade but each time more the informal mining is becoming an influencing economical activity in some of the towns of the highplain, in the towns that do not possess mining activity the main economical activities are kattling together to agriculture.
The history of this beautiful city starts much before the apparition of the Inca culture, with civilizations with Collanas, Lupacas and Pucaras, civilizations that gave a step to the advance of one of the most important ones in the history of Peru and Southamerica, the TIAHUANACO culture, one of the most important and influencing civilizations from this part of the continent.
This magic and millenary culture was one that mostly influenced in the construction of the great Empire of the Incas, the cyclopean constructions or of great size were heritage of this culture that got to built the large Chullpas of Sillustani, architectonic monuments of great size that served as mausoleums for their dead ones.
Chronicles say that Lake Titicaca was scene of the Inca Empire rising, it was in this lake that the brother-couple sons of the sun and of the moon emerged to found the city of Cusco and the Inca Empire.
Some historians state that those people did not emerged from the lake but on the contrary they were people who lived in the surroundings or in the islands inside the lake and when the civil war in the Tiahuanaco civilization bang they emerged directing to the valley of Cuzco.
During the colony the Peruvian highplain became a place of explotation of the people from the Andes, descendants of the great Lords of Tawantinsuyo obliged to work to strength by the settlers in the mines of this place.
After Cuscothe art of the colonial epoch got manifestated in an important way in this region, existing whole towns that were dedicated to ceramic and the painting of religious works imposed by the Spaniard settlers.