Peruvian territory covers 1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi). Peru borders Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, southeast Bolivia and Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Peru’s climate has two main seasons: wet and dry. The climate varies according to the region throughout the country. Peru has 24 cities that have different climates and has three natural regions: The Coast(areas near ocean), Andes(mountains) and Amazon(jungle).
Peru is very rich in many varieties of things and each of these regions has its own traditions and its own gastronomy. Examples of particular gastronomic dishes being as followed:
Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Chiclayo, Cusco, Iquitos, Juliaca, Piura, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Tacna, Tarapoto, Trujillo and Tumbes. Peru's major international airlines are LAN Peru and Taca Airlines. The international departure tax is $31 USD and the domestic tax is about $6 USD, which is now included when you purchase tickets.
In Peru, it is possible to travel by land or air. Peru has good airline companies such as LAN Peru and Taca Airlines that cover trips through the Peruvian Andes, a good infrastructure in terms of land and a railway operated by Perurail that goes to and from Aguas Calientes( the town Machu Picchu is in).
Important!: From the city of Cusco, there are a variety of routes you can take to Machu Picchu.
The routes to Machu Picchu are:
Be prepared before your departure to ensure you have the most memorable experience abroad.
Citizens from the United States, Canada, Australia, and the European Union do not require a visa to visit Peru. However, all travellers are required to hold a passport valid for at least 6 months after entering the country.
The official currency in Peru is the Nuevo Sol. In Cusco it is possible to change money of various forms, including travellers' checks.
Peru's climate is formed by two seasons; the wet season and the dry season. This being said, weather varies greatly from region to region. In the highlands, January is the middle of the wet season while the coast enjoys its dry summer.
In February, the Inca trail to Machu Picchu is closed for its annual clean up!
The Inca Trail is open once again, allthough the weather is still rainy.
Holy week is a major event, so book a hotel and transportation in advance.
In May in the highlands, the rainy season is coming to an end.
It's the beginning of the dry season in the highlands, which naturally coincides with the peak of the tourist season and lasts until august. Reserve hotels and domestic air travel well in advance during this time.
The best time to see visit the amazon, as in this period it is drier than at almost other times of the year (although not necessarily dry).
August is a popular time for travel in the highlands, so plan ahead.
Spring begins in the coastal regions.
The bullfighting season begins in October and lasts through to November.
In November, summer begins along the pacific coast, and the fog known as garúa lifts. In the Andes and the Amazon, the intense part of the wet season begins.
The wettest months continue through to March in the highlands, and until May in the eastern rainforest.