Peru Facts & Info
Peru Facts & Info
Peru territory covers 1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi) Peru is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, southeast Bolivia, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
- Population: About 30 million
- Capital: Lima
- Official Language: Spanish, Quechua.
- Currency: Peruvian Soles
- Time: GMT – 5
WHEN TO GO
Peru climate has to two main seasons, wet and dry – The climate varies according to regions, Peru has 24 cities which have a different climate, and has 3 natural regions coast, Andes and Amazon.
Peru is very rich in many varieties of things and each of these regions has its own tradition and its own gastronomy
- CAUSAS Potato dishes come in all manner of scrumptious form in Peru, but none as sculptural as these incredible potato salads, constructed in a rainbow of colors and stuffed full of vegetables, seafood and children.
- CUY The Andes most famous contribution to the world of animal protein: the guinea pig, small, flavorful, with just the right amount of fatty crispness, Cusco. Is the spot to nibble on these.
- PISCO SOUR
GETTING THERE AND AWAY
Lima's Aeropuerto Internacional de Jorge Chávez, the principal domestic destinations from lima are Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Chiclayo, Cusco, Iquitos, Juliaca, Piura, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Tacna, Tarapoto, Trujillo and Tumbes. Peru's major international airlines are Lan Peru and Taca The international departure tax, US$ 31 and the domestic taxi s about US$ 6 which is now included when you purchase tickets.
In Peru can also travel via air or terrestrial, Peru has a good airline companies such as Lan Peru, Taca covering the Peruvian Andes and good infrastructure in terms of land and railway operated by Perurail that arrives to aguas calientes - Machu Picchu.
From the city of Cusco there are a variety of routes that arrives to Machu Picchu.
The routes to Machu Picchu are:
- Full day tour by train via Sacred Valley of the Incas.
- Inca Trail 4 days and 3 nights.
- Salkantay 5 days and 4 nights.
- Lares Trek 4 days and 3 nights.
- 6 nights 7days via Salkantay Inca Trail.
- Choquequirao 8 days and 7 nigh.
Be prepared before your departure to ensure you have the most memorable experience abroad.
Citizens from the United States, Canada, Australia, and the European Union do not require a visa to visit Peru. However, all travelers are required to hold a passport valid at least 6 months after their expected visit
The official currency in Peru is the (Nuevo Sol) in Cusco can change different types of fashions, travelers checks, and others
MAJOR FESTIVALS AND EVENTS
Peru's climate has two main seasons – wet and dry though weather varies greatly from region to region. In the highlands. January is the midst on the wet season while the cost enjoys its balmy summer.
- AÑO NUEVO. (NEW YEAR'S DAY) Partygoers wear yellow (including underwear) to ring in the New Year.
- FIESTA DE LA NARINERA This national dance festival held during the last week on the January is especially popular in Trujillo. The marinera (sailor dance) is a synchronized choreographed dance between a man with a straw hat and a woman with a handkerchief. They seductively step around each other with our ever touching.
The Inca trail to Machu Picchu is closed for its annual clean up. But no need to fret. Make like the locals and hit the beaches.
- VIRGEN DE LA CANDELARIA (Candles) This highland fiesta (February 2) is particularly colorful around Puno, where folkloric music and dance celebrations last for two weeks.
- CARNAVAL Calnavals is held on the last few days before lent (February /March), and is often celebrated with weeks of water fights, singing dancing, parades and lots of rowdy mayhem. It's especially popular in the highlands.
The Inca Trail is open once again, though the weather is still rainy.
- FIESTA DE LA VENDIMIA (Wine Festival) Now is the perfect time to simple local piscos and wines in Ica. The festival is held in the second week of March when you are likely to see fairs. Floats musicians, and beauty queens stomping grapes.
Holy week is a major event. So book a hotel and transportation in advance.
- SEMANA SANTA (Holy week) While Easter itself is a solemn event, the week prior on it is celebrated with spectacular religious processions almost daily all over Peru.
In the highlands, the rainy season begins to wind dawn
- FESTIVAL OF THE CROSSES This festival, held on may3, is at its most intense in Lima, Ica and Cusco. During the festivities, folks carry crosses of various sizes in a procession that leads to church.
- QOYLLORITTI A Christian pilgrimage with ancient overtones is held at the chilly food of Ausangate, mountains outside of Cusco, May or June
It's the beginning of the dry season in the highlands, which naturally coincides with the peak of the tourist season, lasting through to august. Reserve hotels and domestic air travel well in advance during this time.
- CORPUS CHRISTI This celebration commemorates the holy Eucharist as the body of Christ held on the ninth Thursday after Easter processions in Cusco are especially dramatic.
- INTI RAYMI (Festival of the Incas) Inti Raymi was the Inca sungod and this festival celebrates the winter solstice in his honor on June 24th, it´s certainly the spectacle on the year in Cusco. Attracting thousands of visitors.
- SAN PEDRO Y SAN PLABLO (Feasts of the Sts Peter& Paul) Peter and Paul are the patron saints of fishers and farmers and are honored with a procession to the sea. An image of St Peter is taken by a decorated boat to bless the waters for the fishing season.
The best time to see where the wild things are as the amazon is drier (Ok, less, wet) than at almost other times of the year.
- LA VIRGEN DEL CARMEN This holiday (july16) is mainly celebrated in the southern Andes, and is particularly important in Pisac and Paucartambo. The virgin IS the patron of mestizos (people of mixed indigenous and Spanish desert)
- FIESTAS PATRIAS (National Independence Days) Independence from Spain in celebrated nationwide on July 28 and 29, with festivities in the southern Andes beginning with the feast of St. James (Known as Santiago.) on July25. Good luck trying to find a seat on a bus or a plane during this time.
This is a popular time for travel in the highlands. So plan ahead.
- FEAST OF SANTA ROSA DE LIMA Major processions are held on august 30 in Lima and Arequipa to honor the patron saint of Peru and of the Americas.
Springs begins on the Peruvian coast.
- EL FESTIVAL INTERNACIONAL DE LA PRIMAVERA (International Spring Festival) Expect horse parades, dancing and cultural celebrations in Trujillo during the last week of September
- MISTURA Generally held in early September, this annual weeklong foodie fest in lima gathers Peru´s top chefs, along with invited gastronomes from all the over the world, for cooking demonstrations, talks and Alost of sampling.
The bullfighting season begins this month and lasts through to November
- LA VIRGEN DEL ROSARIO The patron saint of slaves is honored on October 4 in Lima, Arequipa and Cusco expects processions, marinera dance competitions and los diablos (devils) dancing in the streets.
- SEÑOR DE LOS MILAGROS (Lord Of The Miracles) In Lima, this is a massive religious processions honoring local Christi. Though the main day of the celebration in October 18, there are events throughout the month. In which everyone gets decked out in purple to seek blessings and miracles. Expect processions around the country during this time
The fog known as garúa lifts as summer begins along the pacific coast, In the Andes and the Amazon, the heavy –duty part of the wet season begins
- TODOS SANTOS (all Saint´s Day) This first part of a two- day holiday that begins on November1, when families go to mass and then head to the cemetery to spend time with departed loved ones.
- DIA DE TODO LOS MUERTOS. (All souls' day) The second part of the holiday is more festive- with more gifts of food. Drink and flowers taken to family graves.
The wettest months continue through to march in the highlands, and until May in the eastern rainforest.
- FIESTA DE LA PURISIMA CONCEPCION (feast on the immaculate conception) This national holiday (December 8) is celebrated with processions in honor of the Virgin Mary
- CHRISTMAS Held on December 25, Christmas is less secular and more religious, especially in the Andean Highlands. Keep an eye out for unique nativity scenes with regional holiday flourishes