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The Pachamama Celebrations

Written by:
Claire Dean

Published: 20-07-2023

The Pachamama Celebrations are just around the corner in the Andean region. Here we will delve into its significance and learn more about how it will be celebrated in 2023. The Celebración de la Pachamama, or Celebration of Pachamama, is a traditional Andean festival that pays homage to Pachamama, the revered goddess of Mother Earth in Andean mythology. This ancient ritual is deeply rooted in the indigenous cultures of the Andean region, and especially so in Cusco, which serves as a poignant reminder of the vital connection between humans and the natural world. Here, we will explore the significance of the Celebración de la Pachamama and how it will be celebrated in 2023.


 Pachamama Day is a traditional Andean celebration that honors Pachamama, the Inca goddess of the Earth. The celebration is deeply rooted in Andean culture and is still observed by many indigenous communities in Peru and other Andean countries. Visit Peru and learn all about her importance to the Andean people in Peru.

Pachamama Day In Huancayo


The Significance of Celebración de la Pachamama

In Andean cosmology, Pachamama holds immense importance as the nurturing and life-giving force of the Earth. She is believed to be the protector of crops, fertility, and all living beings. The Andean people consider themselves to be in a reciprocal relationship with Pachamama, where they must offer respect and gratitude to ensure harmony and abundance in their lives.


The importance of paqos lies in their knowledge of traditional healing practices, rituals, and ceremonies. You can see on Peru vacation packages that these ceremonies are deeply rooted in Andean cosmology. Paqos have the ability to communicate with the spiritual world, which is an integral part of Andean belief systems.

Paqos at work


The Pachamama Celebration is a time for people to express their reverence for the omnipotent Mother Nature and give thanks for all the blessings she provides. It is also an occasion to seek forgiveness for any harm done to the Earth and to renew the commitment to live in harmony with nature.


Pachamama Day is an important cultural event in the highlands of Peru. Witness the importance of this day on Cusco tours. This celebration highlights the deep connection between the Andean people and the natural world. It is a time for reflection, gratitude, and renewal of spiritual ties to the Earth.

High Andean Community 


Today the Pachamama is still worshipped and adored, mostly by the Andean people, and this adoration can be seen even in the smallest details, even in the biggest celebrations.


Pago a la tierra, or "payment to the earth," is a traditional Andean ceremony that involves giving offerings to Pachamama. This is a way of expressing gratitude and seeking her blessings and protection for the upcoming year. You can see this important ceremony on Cusco day trips to a local community in The Sacred Valley.

Sacred Valley, Pago a a Tierra


How Celebración de la Pachamama is Celebrated in 2023

Each year, the Pachamama Celebration takes place on the 1st of August, coinciding with the start of the Andean agricultural year. The festivities often begin at dawn and continue throughout the day. Here are the main features of this remarkable Andean celebration.


During the ritual, the "paqo" or spiritual leader will offer prayers and blessings to Pachamama. He will ask for her protection and guidance. Vistors on their Peru tour packages may also offer their own prayers and thanks to the Earth.

Andean Shaman


Offerings to Pachamama

Central to the celebration are the offerings, known as "pagos" or "despachos," made to Pachamama. These offerings typically include various symbolic items such as coca leaves, colorful flowers, grains, and miniature figurines representing animals or human desires. The ceremony is performed by shamans or spiritual leaders who mediate between the earthly realm and the spiritual world. The payment to the land is a ritual of gratitude that is performed by Pampa Misayoc or Paqos masters, this ceremony is carried out in the middle of Quechua or Aymara prayers. This is a celebration that takes place not only on August 1st, but also during the beginning of the sowing or harvest time. The feeling of union of the Peruvians with the earth is so great that these ceremonies are performed regardless of the date. Always with the purpose of thanking the earth for all the goodness it provides and asking for its blessing and protection.


The Chacana, also known as the Andean Cross is a symbol that holds deep significance in Andean cosmology and spirituality. It represents the three levels of existence in the Andean worldview. Chacanas make for great souvenirs from your Peru adventure tours.

Chacana Despacho


Cleansing Rituals

Cleansing rituals are an integral part of the celebration. People participate in "limpias," where they use elements like water flower petals, and herbs to cleanse negative energy and purify their bodies and souls.


A cleansing ritual performed by a paqo in the Andean tradition is called a "despacho." This ritual is believed to cleanse and purify the energy of a person or a space, restoring balance and harmony. Ask us for more information about how to take part in a despacho ceremony on your Machu Picchu vacation package.

Cleansing Ritual


Traditional Music and Dance

Music and dance play a crucial role in the festivities. Traditional Andean instruments such as the panpipe, charango, and drums create a vibrant atmosphere during the celebration. Communities gather to sing and dance in a circle, fostering a sense of unity and collective appreciation for Pachamama.


Pachamama Day in Huancayo is a time of reflection, gratitude, and celebration of the Earth's bounty. It is a deeply spiritual and meaningful event that highlights the Andean people's respect for the natural world. Experience authentic Peru on an immersive Peru culture tour!

Dancing in The Streets


Community Feast

Following the rituals and ceremonies, a communal feast is shared among the participants. The meal often consists of locally grown produce and traditional dishes, reinforcing the connection between the people and the Earth's bountiful offerings. Pachamanca is a popular way of food preparation during this celebration.


During celebrations of Pachamama Andean communities may come together to prepare and share a Pachamanca. The traditional dish is typically made by digging a pit in the ground, heating stones, and then layering meats, potatoes, vegetables, and herbs on top of the hot stones.  Sample a delicious Pachamanca at Peruvian festivals on your Peru vacation packages.



Conservation and Sustainability Awareness

In recent years, the Pachamama Celebration has also taken on a more global perspective. Communities strive to raise awareness about environmental conservation and sustainable practices, urging people to take collective responsibility for protecting the Earth and its resources.


Traditional farming techniques in Peru have been developed over thousands of years.  The Potato Park located near Cusco, is a community-based initiative that promotes traditional Andean farming practices, particularly potatoes! Visit the Potato Park on our Peru Express  Tour!

Potato Planting Season

The Pachamama Celebration is not only a unique and profound celebration of gratitude and reciprocity towards Mother Earth but also a reminder of the urgent need to safeguard our planet's fragile ecosystems. As we approach the Pachamama Celebration in 2023, let us draw inspiration from the Andean peoples' profound connection with nature and their dedication to living in harmony with the Earth. May this timeless celebration serve as a guiding light in our collective journey toward a sustainable and balanced future. Find out more about this fascinating tradition here!


Travelers should experience a Pachamama festival to immerse in the rich culture and spirituality of the Andean people. They provide a glimpse into the spiritual beliefs and practices of the Andean people, offering a deeper understanding of their culture and way of life. Book your immersive Peru vacation packages today!

Andean Festivities